Thailand has a land area of 513,115 sq.km.(approx. 127,008
acres) bordered by Malaysia (South), Myanmar (West &
North), Laos (North & East) and Cambodia (Southeast).
The country's east coast borders the Gulf of Thailand
and the west coast abuts the Andaman Sea. The country
is divided geographically into four main zones-the fertile
central plains, dominated by the Chao Phraya River; the
300-metre-high northeast plateau, the kingdom's most barren
region ; the mountainous North; and the tropical southern
The temperature varies from 38°C to 19°C with the annual
average at about 29°C. The humidity is from 66% to 82.8%.
There are three seasons in Northern, Northeastern and
Central Thailand - hot (March to May), rainy (June to
October), and cool (November to February). And there
are two seasons in the South - rainy (April to November)
and hot (December to March).
In the North and Northeast in winter, the temperatures
are much lower during night time, especially on the
mountains, with temperatures lower than 10°C.
Total : 65,931,550 (end 2016)
Male : 32,357,808
Female : 33,573,742
**Note** The total population includes only permanent
75% Thais, 11% Chinese, 3.5% Malays, and others are
Mons, Khmers, Burmese, Laotians, Indians and a variety
of hill tribes.
Thai is the national language. English is widely understood
in Bangkok and big cities.
Buddhists 94.2%, Muslims 4.6%, Christians 0.8%, others
Thailand is a constitutional monarchy headed by King
Bhumibol Adulyadej or King Rama IX. The country comprises
77 provinces, each sub-divided into amphoe (district),
tambon (subdistrict) and muban (village).
The red, white and blue bands symbolize the nation,
religion, and the monarchy respectively.
Nakhon Ratchasima 20,493 sq. km., Chiang Mai 20,107
sq. km., Kanchanaburi 19,483 sq. km.
Phuket 543 sq. km., Chang 429 sq. km., Samui 247 sq.
Doi Inthanon 2,565 m., Doi Pha Hom Pok 2,285 m., Doi
Chi 765 km., Mun 750 km., Nan 740 km., Chao Phraya 370
km. or 1,110 km. if the Nan, its main tributary, is
220 volts 50 cycles throughout the country.
Drink only bottled or boiled water.
Light, cool clothes are highly recommended. Thin cotton
is the best. A jacket or sweater may be necessary in
the cool season, especially when you are in mountainous
areas in the North or Northeast.
GMT + 7 hours.
Government offices open from 08.30 to 16.30 hours, Monday
Banking hours : Monday to Friday, 08.30 to 15.30 hours
Most business offices open from 08.30 to 17.30 hours,
Monday to Friday.
Some work on Saturday.
1. Local calls
All telephone numbers for local calls, long distance
calls within the country and all mobile phones have
nine digits, starting with 0.
For Bangkok calls, it is 0 + 2 + numbers, e.g. 0 2250
For provincial calls, it is area code + numbers,
e.g. 0 5323 6400 for Chiang Mai (053 is the area code
for Chiang Mai) ; 0 7623 6400 for Phuket (076 is the
area code for Phuket).
2. International calls
The international dialling code for Thailand is 66.
To direct dial a foreign number from a private phone,
dial 001 + country code + area code + telephone number.
Note: For useful numbers in Thailand, see Useful Calls.
Major agricultural exports
Rubber, sugar, rice.
Major manufactured exports
Computer and computer accessories, cars and spare parts, gems and
jewellery, petroleum products, plastic resin, chemicals and integrated circuit.